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Bangladesh

Bangladesh has great potential for agriculture-led growth and food security. Rice production has tripled over the last 30 years. Extreme poverty fell from 59 percent in 2000 to 43 percent in 2010. 48 percent of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector and a large majority of the rural population is involved in fisheries.

  • 1.1 MILLION
    Producers using new technology and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY17
  • $230 MILLION
    Annual agricultural sales generated by Bangladeshis reached by Feed the Future in FY17  
  • 1.8 MILLION
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY17
  • 97 THOUSAND
    Hectares tended with improved technologies or management practices in FY17

Impact

  • 16 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of poverty in the areas where Feed the Future has worked since 2011
  • 12.5 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years old in the areas where Feed the Future has worked since 2011

Key Achievements

Feed the Future has targeted aquaculture as a key value chain in Bangladesh, helping fishers apply new practices and techniques. As a result, these producers have increased their productivity by 80 percent, from 1.59 metric tons per hectare of pond in 2014 to 2.85 metric tons per hectare in 2017.   Likewise, average annual sales per fisher increased by 200 percent, from $153 in 2014 to $426 in 2017, representing significant new income for families living below the poverty line.

Source

These results reflect data from the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of the Treasury (through the International Fund for Agricultural Development and Global Agriculture and Food Security Program) reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2017 (FY17). Impact data for poverty statistics comes from a 2015 population-based survey by the International Food Policy Research Institute. Impact data for stunting statistics are derived from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are listed in U.S. dollars.

Strategy

  • Increase on-farm productivity and generate income
  • Boost investment in value chains
  • Improve nutrition status for mothers and children
  • Enhance the government’s policy and planning capacity
  • Elevate the private sector’s agriculture innovation capacity
  • Scale proven technologies to smallholder farmers
  • Promote gender integration in agriculture and increase women’s empowerment
  • Coordinate and collaborate with other U.S. Government initiatives in the country

Zones of Influence in Bangladesh

Map of Bangladesh
  • 21 districts in the Southern Delta region

Background Stats

  • 28.4 MILLION
    Number of people living in Feed the Future target regions in Bangladesh
  • 7.3 PERCENT
    Annual GDP growth; agriculture accounts for 13.4% of added value (World Bank, 2017)
  • 64 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Bangladesh (World Bank, 2017)
  • 34 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in Feed the Future target regions in 2015

Value Chains

  • Rice
  • Horticulture
  • Fisheries
A hardworking man unloads bananas at the Sadarghat boat terminal in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Approach

Bangladesh has great potential for agriculture-led growth and food security. Rice production has tripled over the last 30 years. Extreme poverty fell from 59 percent in 2000 to 43 percent in 2010. 48 percent of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector and a large majority of the rural population is involved in fisheries.

However, Bangladesh remains the most densely populated country in the world, with 161 million people living in a land area roughly the size of Iowa. Poverty, lack of access to agricultural land, and poor eating habits contribute to the country having some of the highest rates of undernutrition and child stunting in the world.

More than 28 million people live in Feed the Future’s target regions in Bangladesh, where food security and nutrition face considerable challenges due to scarce water resources, a rising sea level, vulnerability to extreme shocks, and changing weather patterns. Population growth, urbanization and soil and natural resource depletion have led to degradation of Bangladesh’s land, water bodies, wetlands, and forests and pose a significant threat to its agriculture sector.

Gender-related factors further complicate food insecurity and undernutrition: Women are heavily engaged in agriculture but do not have access to extension services or other inputs like seeds and fertilizer. They are also often the last to eat at mealtimes. Nonetheless, Bangladesh is making progress. The under-5 mortality rate has declined by more than 50 percent since 1993, and 88 percent of children under 5 receive vitamin A supplementation twice a year through government-led campaigns. Poverty and child stunting have dropped within Feed the Future target regions.

Consistent with the government of Bangladesh’s priorities, Feed the Future focuses on increasing rice production while helping farmers diversify into higher-value, nutrient-dense commodities such as horticulture and fish.

Activities

Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Bangladesh.

  • Abiotic Stress Tolerant Rice and Wheat
  • Accelerating Capacity for Monitoring and Evaluation (ACME)
  • Agricultural Value Chains (AVC)
  • Agriculture Infrastructure Development with Local Government Engineering Department
  • Agriculture Mechanization and Irrigation (CSISA MI)
  • Agricultural Biotechnology Partnership – Eggplant
  • Agricultural Biotechnology Partnership – Potato
  • Bangladesh Aquaculture and Nutrition Activity
  • Borlaug Higher Education Agricultural Research and Development (BHEARD) Program
  • Bangladesh Trade Facilitation Activity (BTFA)
  • Bangladesh Food Safety Activity
  • Feed the Future Bangladesh Nutrition Activity
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Integrated Pest Management
  • Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
  • Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
  • Improving Nutrition using Community-Based Approaches (INCA)
  • Livestock Production for Improved Nutrition
  • Loan Portfolio Guarantee Program
  • Multi-Sectoral Nutrition activity
  • Meeting the Undernutrition Challenge (MUCH)
  • National Agricultural Technology Project II
  • Policy Research and Strategy Support Program for Food Security and Agricultural Development in Bangladesh (PRSSP)
  • Rice and Diversified Crops (RDC)
  • Risk Management for Food Security in Bangladesh – Sanitary and Phytosanitary Food Safety Project
  • South Asia Biosafety Program
  • Social and Behavioral Change Communication (SBCC) Activity
  • USAID Food for Peace Programs
  • USDA Food for Progress Programs

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