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Kenya

Kenya has the largest, most diversified economy in East Africa. More than 75 percent of Kenyans make a key part of their living in agriculture, and the sector accounts for more than one fourth of Kenya’s gross domestic product (GDP). Feed the Future efforts in Kenya aim to expand economic opportunities for smallholders and entrepreneurs, build household, community and market resilience to shocks and stresses, and diversify agricultural production.

  • 60 THOUSAND
    Producers using new technologies and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY17
  • $600 MILLION
    Producers using new technologies and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY17
  • 1.2 MILLION
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY17
  • $7.5 MILLION
    New private investment leveraged by Feed the Future in FY17  

Impact

  • 40 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years old in western and eastern counties where Feed the Future works  

Key Achievements

In addition, Feed the Future investments in livestock value chains established 20 livestock markets in northern Kenya, directly benefiting 478,900 people. This also drove an increase in fodder sales, resulting in more than $86,000 in sales. In FY17, Feed the Future supported nearly 140,000 beneficiaries who, in turn, produced more than 342,000 metric tons of produce valued at USD $73.9 million

Feed the Future also mobilized $33 million in credit from Kenyan financial institutions to spur agricultural-led growth to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.

Source

These results reflect data from the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peace Corps, U.S. African Development Foundation and U.S. Department of the Treasury (through the International Fund for Agricultural Development and Global Agriculture and Food Security Program) reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2017 (FY17). Impact data for poverty statistics are derived from the 2015 Feed the Future Interim Population-Based Survey for the Northern Areas, and the impact data for stunting statistics are derived from the 2015 Feed the Future Interim Population-Based Survey for the High Rainfall and Semi Arid Areas. For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are in listed in U.S. dollars.

Strategy

  • Enhance food security and increase incomes through improving the competitiveness and diversity of agricultural market systems and livelihoods
  • Expand and diversify agricultural production and productivity
  • Increase access to financing and investment capital
  • Improve the capacity of government and private organizations to formulate and implement policies and strategies for agricultural-led growth
  • Increase resilience to climatic and economic shocks and stressors
  • Improve the nutritional status of women and children

Zones of Influence in Kenya

Map of Kenya
  • 17 counties in total that encompass: 9 Western Region Counties (high-rainfall zone) 3 Eastern Region Counties (semi-arid zone) 5 Northern Kenya Counties (arid and semi-arid zone)

Background Stats

  • 23.2 MILLION
    Population of the Zones of Influence (Interim Kenya population-based surveys, 2015 )
  • 4.9 PERCENT
    Annual GDP growth; agriculture accounts for 31.5% of added value (World Bank, 2017)
  • 73.4 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Kenya (World Bank, 2017)
  • 58.5 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in the Feed the Future northern target areas in 2015

Value Chains

  • Horticulture
  • Dairy
  • Maize
  • Livestock
A member of the Ahero Dairy Farmers cooperative in Kisumu, Kenya carries fresh milk that will be turned into yogurt for sale through the cooperative’s store.

Approach

Agriculture is the backbone of Kenya’s economy and central to the Government of Kenya’s development strategy, as well as its Ending Drought Emergencies initiative in the country’s chronically vulnerable arid and semi-arid lands. However, agricultural productivity has been stagnating in recent years, amid continuous population growth.

This poses critical challenges to food security in the country as two to four million people receive food aid annually. Moreover, only about 20 percent of Kenyan land is suitable for farming, and maximum yields have not been reached in these areas, leaving considerable potential for increases in productivity. Most farmers work without basic agricultural inputs or updated technology and lack adequate financial or extension services.

While the challenges are great, so are the opportunities. With the largest dairy herd in east and southern Africa, Kenya has the potential to meet local demand for dairy and target regional markets. As one of the largest African exporters of fresh produce to Europe, Kenya’s horticulture industry can expand to domestic, regional and international markets. Markets, in turn, can significantly grow through reforms that address standards and quality, policy constraints, irrigation, roads, agricultural inputs, extension, and market access promotion.

As recurrent crises exacerbate the vulnerability of basic livelihoods, Feed the Future will continue to build resilience and expand economic opportunities in these targeted areas through disaster risk reduction, diversification into higher-value commodities, promoting non-farm enterprises, and strengthening the livestock, dairy, and other vital sectors.

Activities

Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Kenya.

  • Accelerated Value Chain Development (ILRI)
  • Africa Lead (DAI)
  • Agile Harmonized Assistance for Devolved Institutions
  • Borlaug Higher Education Agricultural Research and Development
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Climate-Resilient Sorghum
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Processing and Post-Harvest Handling
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Integrated Pest Management
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems
  • Increasing Smallholder Farmer Productivity and Profitability (FAO)
  • Integrated Agricultural Research for Development (KALRO)
  • International Fertilizer Development Center
  • Kenya Agriculture Regulatory Capacity Building (KEPHIS)
  • Kenya Crops and Dairy Systems Development (RTI)
  • Kenya Investment Mechanism (Palladium), including Development Credit Authority
  • Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development (Millennium Water Alliance)
  • Livestock Market Systems (ACDI/VOCA)
  • Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Program plus (FHI 360)
  • Partnership for Inclusive Agricultural Transformation in Africa (AGRA)
  • Supporting Seed Systems for Development (CRS)
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

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