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Kenya

Kenya has the largest, most diversified economy in East Africa. Agriculture is the backbone of Kenya’s economy and central to the Government of Kenya’s development strategy. More than 75 percent of Kenyans make some part of their living in agriculture, and the sector accounts for more than a fourth of Kenya’s gross domestic product (GDP).

  • 580 THOUSAND
    Producers using new technologies and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY16
  • $102 MILLION
    New income earned by Feed the Future farmers in FY16 from agricultural sales
  • 4.6 MILLION
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY16
  • $11 MILLION
    New private investment leveraged by Feed the Future in FY16

Impact

  • 36 PERCENT
    Increase in livestock sales in Feed the Future target countries
  • 40 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years old in the areas where Feed the Future has worked since 2013

Key Achievements

Feed the Future-supported farmers increased gross margins per dairy cow by 195 percent, from $371 in 2013 to $1,093 in 2016. The amount of milk each cow yielded increased by 76.3 percent, from 5.4 liters per cow per day to 9.7 liters per day, enough to provide 41 cups of milk.

Feed the Future helped 48,000 pastoralist households practice improved community-based natural resources management of grazing land, and 33,915 households access markets leading to a 36 percent increase in livestock sales in the target counties.

Feed the Future helped three counties develop individual county investment plans, each with a focus on agriculture.

The Government of Kenya is scaling a novel livestock insurance program for pastoralists that Feed the Future piloted. It has paid out millions of dollars to more than 12,000 pastoralist households, enabling them to better manage through drought and speed their recovery once drought conditions subside.

Source

These results reflect data from USAID, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peace Corps, U.S. African Development Foundation and U.S. Department of the Treasury (through the International Fund for Agricultural Development and Global Agriculture and Food Security Program) reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2016 (FY16). Impact data for poverty statistics are derived from the 2015 Feed the Future Interim Population-Based Survey for the Northern Areas, and the impact data for stunting statistics are derived from the 2015 Feed the Future Interim Population-Based Survey for the High Rainfall and Semi Arid Areas. For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are in listed in U.S. dollars.

Strategy

  • Promote value chain growth and diversification
  • Increase incomes
  • Enhance food security
  • Increase resilience to climatic and economic shocks and stressors
  • Improve the nutritional status of women and children

Zones of Influence in Kenya

Map of Kenya
  • Western Region Counties (high-rainfall zone)
  • Eastern Region Counties (semi-arid zone)
  • Northern Kenya Counties (arid and semi-arid zone)

Background Stats

  • 48.5 MILLION
    Population of Kenya (World Bank, 2016)
  • 5.8 PERCENT
    Annual GDP growth; agriculture accounts for 35.6% of added value (World Bank, 2016)
  • 74 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Kenya (World Bank, 2016)
  • 58.5 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in the Feed the Future northern target areas in 2015

Value Chains

  • Horticulture
  • Dairy
  • Maize/Corn
  • Livestock
A member of the Ahero Dairy Farmers cooperative in Kisumu, Kenya carries fresh milk that will be turned into yogurt for sale through the cooperative’s store.

Approach

Kenya has the largest, most diversified economy in East Africa. Agriculture is the backbone of Kenya’s economy and central to the Government of Kenya’s development strategy. More than 75 percent of Kenyans make some part of their living in agriculture, and the sector accounts for more than a fourth of Kenya’s gross domestic product (GDP).

However, agricultural productivity has been stagnating in recent years, amid continuous population growth. This poses critical challenges to food security in the country as two to four million people receive food aid annually. Moreover, only about 20 percent of Kenyan land is suitable for farming, and maximum yields have not been reached in these areas, leaving considerable potential for increases in productivity. Most farmers work without basic agricultural inputs or updated technology and lack adequate financial or extension services.

While the challenges are great, so are the opportunities. With the largest dairy herd in east and southern Africa, Kenya has the potential to meet local demand for dairy and target regional markets. As one of the largest African exporters of fresh produce to Europe, Kenya’s horticulture industry can expand domestic, regional and international markets. Markets, in turn, can significantly grow through reforms that address standards and quality, policy constraints, irrigation, roads, agricultural inputs, extension, and market access promotion.

Recurrent crises, such as drought in Kenya’s arid lands, exacerbate the vulnerability of basic livelihoods. In response, the U.S. Government is working to build resilience and expand economic opportunities in these areas through disaster risk reduction; conflict mitigation; natural resource management; and strengthening the livestock, dairy and other vital sectors. Feed the Future is helping Kenya capitalize on these opportunities in agriculture to combat the country’s food security and nutrition challenges.

Activities

Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Kenya.

  • Africa Agriculture Technology Foundation
  • Agile Harmonized Assistance for Devolved Institutions (AHADI)
  • African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD)
  • APHIA Plus Rift Valley, Nyanza/Western and Northern Arid Lands
  • Asset Based Financing for Smallholder Farmers
  • Accelerated Value Chain Development (AVCD)
  • AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center
  • CGIAR
  • Development Credit Authority
  • Enabling Agricultural Trade
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Assets and Market Access
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Integrated Pest Management
  • Financial Inclusion for Rural Microenterprise (FIRM)
  • Food for Peace
  • Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
  • International Fertilizer Development Center
  • Kenya Agriculture Value Chain Enterprises (KAVES)
  • Feed the Future Kenya Innovation Engine (KIE)
  • Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP)
  • Modernizing Extension and Advisory Services
  • Peace Corps
  • Resilience and Economic Growth in the Arid Lands – Accelerated Growth (REGAL-AG)
  • Resilience and Economic Growth in the Arid Lands – Improving Resilience (REGAL-IR)
  • Solutions for African Food Enterprises
  • Tegemeo Agricultural Policy Research and Analysis Program (TAPRA II)
  • USDA McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program
  • USDA Research Programs for Poultry and Livestock
  • Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa

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