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Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ugandan economy, employing two-thirds of the labor force, and providing approximately half of export earnings. With most of Uganda’s population living in rural areas, agriculture is the main source of income and, by extension, the main pathway out of poverty for the majority of Ugandans. Feed the Future works to make agriculture more productive and profitable in Uganda by boosting private-sector investment and increasing Ugandans’ capacity to participate in agricultural markets.

  • 436 THOUSAND
    Producers using new technologies and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY2017
  • $149 MILLION
    Annual agricultural sales generated by Ugandans reached by Feed the Future in FY17 
  • 1.6 MILLION
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY2017
  • $9.2 MILLION
    New private investment leveraged by Feed the Future in FY2017


  • 20 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of stunting in children under 5 years old in the areas where Feed the Future has worked since 2010

Key Achievements

Feed the Future successfully demonstrated the value of the village agent approach to value chain actors, as well as national and local government stakeholders. The village agent model converts “middle men” into trusted market actors who provide goods and services to farmers. Farmers receiving services from village agents under Feed the Future have made $1,781 in coffee, $618 in maize, and $391 in beans per hectare, representing a respective seven fold, 25 percent, and 49 percent increase since 2014. Recognizing the opportunities presented by the village agent model, Uganda’s Ministry of Agriculture has adopted the model as a means to broaden the reach of its 3,500 extension officers countrywide, demonstrating country ownership of development efforts.

Feed the Future and other members of the Nutrition Development Partners platform strengthened partnerships and leveraged resources to help Uganda develop a National Nutrition Policy and a National Advocacy and Communication Strategy. At the sub-national level, Feed the Future helped support  the District Nutrition Coordination Committees and complete the National Nutrition Planning Guidelines.

Feed the Future partnered with the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries (MAAIF) and the Uganda National Bureau for Standards to implement a new e-verification system that uses scratch tags to authenticate agricultural inputs on the market. This system gives farmers the confidence to buy improved inputs, knowing that their purchases are guaranteed by the government. Private input firms now willingly purchase the tags for placement on their products. The partnership is a crucial first step in recovering the estimated $1.5 billion in losses from counterfeit inputs that Uganda suffers each year. Feed the Future helped the Government of Uganda finalize a national agriculture extension policy, which embraces a public and private partnership approach to agriculture extension.


These results reflect information from the U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. African Development Foundation and Peace Corps, reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2017 (FY2017). For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are listed in U.S. dollars.


  • Promote inclusive and sustainable agriculture-led growth
  • Strengthen resilience among households and communities
  • Improve nutrition, especially among women and children  
  • Promote science and technology
  • Empower women and girls
  • Improve cross-border and domestic trade for food security

Zones of Influence in Uganda

Map of Uganda
  • 38 Districts in the Northern, Eastern, Southwestern, and Karamoja areas of the country

Background Stats

  • 14.6 MILLION
    Number of people living in Feed the Future target regions (Feed the Future Survey, 2016)
    Annual GDP growth; agriculture accounts for 24.9% of value added (World Bank, 2017)
  • 76.8 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Uganda (World Bank, 2017)
  • 32.1 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in Feed the Future target regions (Feed the Future Survey, 2016)

Value Chains

  • Maize/Corn
  • Beans
  • Coffee
  • Dairy
  • Livestock
  • Cassava
  • Sorghum
  • Millet
Village Agents, Agents of Change


With favorable soil and climate conditions, agriculture remains one of the most important and promising sectors in Uganda’s economy.  As nearly 80 percent of Ugandans are under the age of 30, increasing agricultural productivity and providing employment for the rapidly growing young population is critical to Uganda’s development.

Over the past 15 years, Uganda has reduced extreme poverty faster than most other countries on the continent, and the proportion of the population living below $1.25 per day has fallen from 62.2 percent to 27 percent from 2003 to the present. Nevertheless, since 1970, about 70 percent of Ugandans have made less than $2.50 per day with little fluctuation. This signals chronic vulnerability and backsliding: for every three people who move out of poverty, two fall back into it. In addition, rapid population growth has caused malnutrition rates to remain high and has tempered other economic gains.

Feed the Future prioritizes investments that have the best potential to improve performance of a wide breadth of agricultural value chain actors, including the most vulnerable and extreme poor. Feed the Future efforts promote  opportunities across value chains that have high profit margins, are staple crops sold across markets, and provide critical nutritional benefits.

Feed the Future investments promote market growth to expand the opportunities poor households have for market participation and benefits. These investments respond to the needs of the private sector while building the capacity of people to engage in and benefit from the marketplace, improve  nutritional outcomes, and increase resilience. These efforts complement each other to sustainably tackle food insecurity, malnutrition and poverty.


Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Uganda:

  • Africa Agriculture Technology Foundation
  • Africa Lead II
  • African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD)
  • Agribusiness Development Facility to the African Agricultural Capital Fund
  • Agribusiness Initiative (aBi Trust)
  • Agricultural Biotechnology Support Program (ABSPII)
  • Alur Highlands Coffee Alliance
  • Apolou
  • Banana Bacterial Wilt Resistance
  • Benchmarking the Business of Agriculture
  • Borlaug Higher Education for Agriculture Research and Development
  • Borlaug 21st Century Leadership Program
  • Capacity Development in the Agriculture Sector
  • CGIAR Fund Core Grant with the World Bank
  • Deploying Vegetable Seed Kits to Tackle Malnutrition
  • Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA)/Drought Tolerant Maize Seed Scaling (DTMASS)
  • Economic Empowerment and Livelihoods Activity
  • Education and Research to Improve Climate Adaptation
  • Enhancing Climate-Resilience of Agricultural Livelihoods
  • Feed the Future Biosafety Activity
  • Feed the Future Commodity Production and Marketing
  • Feed the Future Enabling Environment for Agriculture
  • Feed the Future FEEDBACK
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Aquaculture & Fisheries
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Assets and Market Access
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Grain Legumes
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Horticulture
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Nutrition
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Peanut Productivity & Mycotoxin
  • Feed the Future Partnering for Innovation
  • Feed the Future Producer Organizations
  • Feed the Future Youth Leadership in Agriculture
  • Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA III)
  • Food Safety Training Modules and Networks
  • Gender-Based Advocacy for Ugandan National Coffee Policy Activity
  • Gender Randomized Control Trial
  • Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
  • Governance Accountability Performance and Participation (GAPP)
  • Graduating to Resilience
  • Improving Local Stakeholders Readiness to Adapt to Climate Change in Agriculture Activity
  • Innovation in Agricultural Training and Education (InnovATE)
  • Integrated Community Agriculture and Nutrition Activity
  • International Fertilizer Development Center
  • The John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program
  • Karamoja Growth, Health and Governance Activity
  • Karamoja Resilience Support Unit
  • Knowledge-Driven Agricultural Development
  • Maize/Bean Research
  • Meals for Nutrition in Uganda (HarvestPlus)
  • Modernizing Extension and Advisory Services
  • Norman Borlaug Commemorative Research Initiative (NBCRI)
  • Norman E. Borlaug Leadership Enhancement in Agriculture Program (Borlaug LEAP)
  • Nuyok
  • Peace Corps Interagency Food Security Partnership
  • Policy Advancement for Climate Change Adaptation and Agricultural Development Activity
  • Production for Improved Nutrition
  • Program for Biosafety Systems
  • Solutions for African Food Enterprises (SAFE)
  • Strengthening Partnerships, Results and Innovation in Nutrition Globally (SPRING)
  • U.S. Borlaug Global Food Security Fellows Program
  • USDA Food for Progress Program
  • Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa

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