Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ugandan economy, employing two-thirds of the labor force and providing approximately half of export earnings. With most of Uganda’s population living in rural areas, agriculture is the main source of income and, by extension, the main pathway out of poverty for the majority of Ugandans. Feed the Future works to make agriculture more productive and profitable in Uganda by boosting private-sector investment and increasing Ugandans’ capacity to participate in agricultural markets.
In 2018, a farmer reached by Feed the Future made about $1,800 in coffee, $600 in maize, and $400 in beans per hectare, increasing 700 percent, 25 percent, and 49 percent respectively since 2014.
Recognizing the opportunities presented by the village agent model, in which market actors provide goods and services to farmers, Uganda’s Ministry of Agriculture has adopted the model as a means to broaden the reach of its 3,500 extension officers countrywide, demonstrating country ownership of development efforts.
Feed the Future and other members of the Nutrition Development Partners platform strengthened partnerships and leveraged resources to help Uganda develop a National Nutrition Policy and a National Advocacy and Communication Strategy. At the sub-national level, Feed the Future supported the District Nutrition Coordination Committees and helped complete the National Nutrition Planning Guidelines.
Feed the Future partnered with the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries and the Uganda National Bureau for Standards to implement a new e-verification system in the market that uses tags to mark authentic agricultural inputs. This system gives farmers the confidence to buy improved inputs, such as seeds and fertilizer, knowing that their purchases are non-counterfeit and guaranteed by the government. Private input firms now willingly purchase the tags for placement on their products. The partnership is a crucial first step in recovering the estimated $1.5 billion in losses from counterfeit inputs that Uganda suffers each year.
Feed the Future helped the Government of Uganda finalize a national agriculture extension policy, which embraces a public and private partnership approach to agriculture extension.
These results reflect information from the U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. African Development Foundation, and Peace Corps, reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for the fiscal year 2018 (FY18). For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are listed in U.S. dollars.
- Promote inclusive and sustainable agriculture-led growth
- Strengthen resilience among households and communities
- Improve nutrition, especially among women and children
- Promote science and technology
- Empower women and girls
- Improve cross-border and domestic trade for food security
Zones of Influence in Uganda
- 38 Districts in the Northern, Eastern, and Southwestern areas
With favorable soil and climate conditions, agriculture remains one of the most important and promising sectors in Uganda’s economy. As nearly 80 percent of Ugandans are under the age of 30, increasing agricultural productivity and providing employment for the rapidly growing young population is critical to Uganda’s development.
Over the past 15 years, Uganda has reduced extreme poverty faster than most other countries in Africa, and the proportion of the population living on less than $1.25 per day has fallen from about 62 percent to 27 percent since 2003. Nevertheless, since 1970, about 70 percent of Ugandans have made less than $2.50 per day with little fluctuation. This signals chronic vulnerability: For every three people who move out of poverty, two fall back into it. In addition, rapid population growth has caused malnutrition rates to remain high and has tempered other economic gains.
Feed the Future prioritizes investments that have the best potential to improve the livelihoods of a wide range of agricultural market actors, including the most vulnerable and extremely poor. Feed the Future supports opportunities across value chains that have high-profit margins, produce staple crops sold across markets, and provide critical nutritional benefits.
Feed the Future investments promote market growth to expand the opportunities poor households have for market participation and benefits. These investments respond to the needs of the private sector while strengthening people’s ability to engage in and benefit from the marketplace, improve nutritional outcomes, and increase resilience. These efforts complement each other to sustainably tackle food insecurity, malnutrition and poverty.
Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Uganda:
- Africa Agriculture Technology Foundation
- African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD)
- Agribusiness Development Facility to the African Agricultural Capital Fund
- Agribusiness Initiative (ABi Trust)
- Agricultural Biotechnology Support Program (ABSPII)
- Apolou Activity to Improve Food and Nutrition Activity
- Banana Bacterial Wilt Resistance
- Borlaug Higher Education for Agriculture Research and Development (BHEARD)
- CGIAR Fund Core Grant with the World Bank
- Deploying Vegetable Seed Kits to Tackle Malnutrition
- Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA)/Drought Tolerant Maize Seed Scaling (DTMASS)
- Economic Empowerment and Livelihoods Activity
- Enhancing Climate-Resilience of Agricultural Livelihoods
- Feed the Future Biosafety Activity
- Feed the Future Enabling Environment for Agriculture
- Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Assets and Market Access
- Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Fish
- Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Grain Legumes
- Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Peanut Productivity & Mycotoxin
- Feed the Future Partnering for Innovation
- Feed the Future Producer Organizations
- Feed the Future Youth Leadership in Agriculture
- Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
- Graduating to Resilience
- Inclusive Agriculture Markets
- Innovation in Agricultural Training and Education (InnovATE)
- Integrated Community Agriculture and Nutrition Activity
- International Fertilizer Development Center
- The John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program
- Karamoja Resilience Support Unit-II
- Meals for Nutrition in Uganda (HarvestPlus)
- Norman Borlaug Commemorative Research Initiative (NBCRI)
- Nuyok Activity to Improve Food and Nutrition Security
- Peace Corps
- Strengthening Partnerships, Results and Innovation in Nutrition Globally (SPRING)
- Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa