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Prince Kofi Boateng, an Africa Lead Agribusiness Leadership Internship Program (A-LEAP) intern pruning a tomato plant at a greenhouse he manages for a host institution.

Ghana

Agricultural growth is a major driver of poverty reduction in Ghana. Agriculture is the largest source of employment for Ghanaians and accounts for 41 percent of employment. Feed the Future’s efforts focus in Northern Ghana, where poverty is deeply entrenched and farming is dominated by smallholder farmers producing food and cash crops.

  • 217 THOUSAND
    Producers using new technologies and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY18
  • $77 MILLION
    Annual agricultural sales generated by Ghanaian farms and firms reached by Feed the Future in FY18
  • 1.2 MILLION
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY18
  • $9.3 MILLION
    New private investment leveraged by Feed the Future in FY18

Impact

  • 12 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of poverty in the areas where Feed the Future has worked from 2012 to 2015
  • 17 PERCENT
    Reduction in the prevalence of stunting in children under the age of 5 in the areas where Feed the Future has worked between 2012 and 2015

Key Achievements

Maintaining economic development that benefits all people is critical for Ghana’s efforts to effectively combat food insecurity and poverty. In 2018, Feed the Future’s investment in Ghana continued to improve market-based agricultural development, increase private sector investment, reduce trade barriers, improve energy sector governance, and build resilient communities and households in impoverished areas.

In 2018, Feed the Future helped unlock over $9.3 million in loans for micro-, small- and medium-sized businesses and smallholder farmers. With these loans, businesses and farmers were able to purchase agricultural inputs to boost production, such as certified seeds, fertilizer and tractor services.

Feed the Future strengthened financial inclusion by working with smallholder farmers to create more than 4,300 Village Savings and Loan Associations with over 110,000 members, of which 92 percent are women. Members collectively saved more than $3 million and loaned out nearly $1 million to help each other boost resilience during hard times in northern Ghana.

Feed the Future worked with 17 district governments to expand improved services such as sanitation and social protection for 110,000 unique households in 1,800 communities, especially among remote communities. In 2018, Feed the Future supported the newly created Ministry of Sanitation and Water Resources to help district sanitation delivery services better reach the poor and vulnerable

Source

These results reflect information from the U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. African Development Foundation, and Peace Corps, reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2018 (FY18). The interim estimates of poverty and stunting are derived from the Ghana 2015 Zone of Influence Interim Indicator Assessment. For more information on the indicators above, please view the Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are listed in U.S. dollars.

Strategy

  • Improve the competitiveness of targeted value chains
  • Drive private sector investment in agriculture
  • Improve management of marine fisheries
  • Build the resilience of vulnerable populations
  • Boost nutrition, particularly among women and children
  • Increase incomes for smallholder farmers
  • Empower women and youth
  • Increase regional and international agricultural trade
  • Improve country leadership and commitment to increase food security
  • Increase Ghana’s ability to develop and implement solutions

Zones of Influence in Ghana

Map of Ghana
  • Northern, Upper West and Upper East Regions
  • Marine fisheries in six districts of the Western Region
  • Other areas of Ghana where market growth ultimately benefits target areas above

Background Stats

  • 5.6 MILLION
    Number of people living in Feed the Future target regions (2015 Population-Based Survey)
  • 6.3 PERCENT
    Annual GDP growth; agriculture accounts for 20 percent of added value (World Bank, 2018)
  • 44 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Ghana (World Bank, 2018)
  • 18.8 PERCENT
    Percentage of stunted children under the age of 5 (World Bank, 2014)
  • 19.6 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in Feed the Future target regions in 2015

Value Chains

  • Maize/Corn
  • Soybean
  • Cowpea
  • Peanut
  • Marine Fisheries
  • Fruits and Vegetables
Samuel Mahamadu shows off maize he grew on his farm in Ghana.

Approach

Feed the Future’s efforts focus on Northern Ghana, where poverty is widespread and persistent and farming is dominated by smallholder farmers producing food and cash crops. Ghana’s inflation has averaged above 17 percent since 1998, resulting in high bank lending rates above 35 percent.

These challenging economic conditions, coupled with power outages across the country, have stifled growth and investment. However, despite this challenging backdrop, Feed the Future has seen significant gains by investing in the country’s agriculture sector.

To maximize impact in Ghana, Feed the Future focuses on engaging the private sector, improving markets, targeting lucrative value chains with potential for sustained economic growth, integrating nutrition into agriculture programming, and partnering with Ghanaians to start moving beyond the need for foreign aid. This approach will improve agricultural-led growth, resilience, and nutrition, especially in poorer, drier Northern Ghana and support the protection of marine fisheries in the coastal areas. Additionally, Feed the Future will target smaller, more focused areas of Ghana and accelerate trade by making investments in higher-value commercial crops across Ghana to support agricultural sector transformation to reduce poverty, hunger and malnutrition for good.

Activities

Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Ghana.

  • Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING)
  • Agricultural Development and Value Chain Enhancement Program (ADVANCE)
  • Borlaug Higher Education Agricultural Research and Development Program (BHEARD)
  • Business Sector Advocacy Challenge Fund (BUSAC)
  • Drought-Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA)
  • Empowering Agriculture Global Development Alliances (Integrated Water for Agriculture, Sahel Grains Limited)
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Assets and Market Access
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Climate-Resilient Cowpea
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Genomics to Improve Poultry
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Peanut Research
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Small-Scale Irrigation
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Soybean Value Chain Research
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for the Reduction of Post-Harvest Loss
  • Ghana Strategy Support Program (GSSP)
  • Ghana Supply Chain Development (SCD) Program
  • The John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program
  • Norman E. Borlaug Leadership Enhancement in Agriculture Program (Borlaug LEAP)
  • Peace Corps Global Food Security Response Project
  • Program for Biosafety Systems
  • Resilience in Northern Ghana (RING)
  • Sustainable Fisheries Management Project (SFMP)
  • Savannah Agricultural Research Institute (SARI)
  • Technical and Financial Support to the University of Cape Coast
  • Technical and Financial Support to the University of Ghana
  • USAID Development Credit Authority Loan Portfolio Guarantee (DCA)
  • USDA Monitoring and Evaluation Technical Support Services
  • USDA’s Food for Progress Program

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