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Ethiopia

With a population of more than 100 million people, Ethiopia is one of the fastest-growing populations and economies in Africa. Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture. Agriculture-led economic growth, accompanied by improvements in people’s livelihoods and nutrition, can provide a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity and help communities build their resilience to recurring shocks.

  • 1.1 MILLION
    Producers using new technology and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY17
  • $40 MILLION
    Annual agricultural sales generated by Ethiopians reached by Feed the Future in FY17
  • $5.7 MILLION
    New private investment leveraged by Feed the Future in FY17
  • 101 THOUSAND
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY17

Impact

  • 12 PERCENT
    Reduction in prevalence of poverty in the areas where Feed the Future has worked from 2013 to 2015

Key Achievements

Evidence from Feed the Future’s resilience programming in the Ethiopian lowlands shows that most households were able to maintain their food security status during moderate droughts in 2015. Households in lowland communities that were reached by comprehensive resilience programs were also better able to maintain their food security status in the face of the severe drought in 2016, whereas households in other communities experienced a 30 percent decline. USAID’s Food for Peace environmental rehabilitation activities restored more than 2,700 hectares of land, which will improve households’ resilience to shocks and stresses.

Feed the Future’s Graduation with Resilience to Achieve Sustainable Development project built resilience among chronically food-insecure households in Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and SNNP regions of Ethiopia. GRAD improves long-term food security by connecting families to economic opportunities, financial services, and agricultural and nutrition services to end reliance on the Ethiopian Government’s Productive Safety Net Program. To date, GRAD has helped more than 39,000 households graduate from PSNP and increased the income of these households by an average of $350.

The Feed the Future Livestock Market Development (LMD) project fostered growth, created jobs for rural households, and reduced hunger and malnutrition through increased competition in the meat and dairy sectors. With a focus on women’s empowerment, more than 100 women were trained in entrepreneurship and leadership in FY2017 alone.

Through the project, Feed the Future also worked closely with the Government of Ethiopia and local actors, who are critical to our mission, to improve the productivity of dairy animals and increase the supply of safe and quality milk to processors. The project collaborated with Feed the Future resilience efforts to connect nearly 60,000 vulnerable households to livestock markets. In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Feed the Future also reached nearly 5,000 children under the age of five with nutrition interventions.

More than 100,000 maize farmers are now using hybrid maize varieties, promoted by a Feed the Future partnership with DuPont Pioneer, doubling their yields compared to the traditional varieties they were using previously. Supported by Feed the Future and private sector partners, Ethiopia introduced the first locally-fortified wheat flour in the country.

The Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture has accepted significant amendments proposed by Feed the Future’s Land Administration to Nurture Development activity. The amendments will be forwarded to the Council of Ministers and House of Representatives for adoption.

Source

The results shown reflect data from the USAID, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peace Corps, and the Department of Treasury (through the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program) reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2017 (FY17). Impact data for poverty statistics are derived from the 2015 Feed the Future Ethiopia Interim Population-Based Survey Report. For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are listed in U.S. dollars.

* The change in prevalence of stunting for this country was not statistically significant, meaning the margin of error of the survey sample was too great to conclusively demonstrate change. For more details on impact data, view the Feed the Future 2018 progress snapshot.

Strategy

  • Improve productivity and commercialization
  • Build resilience to and protection from shocks and disasters with increased livelihood opportunities
  • Boost nutrition status of women and young children
  • Strengthen the enabling environment to support increased investment and broad-based agricultural growth

Zones of Influence in Ethiopia

Map of Ethiopia
  • Amhara
  • Oromia
  • Somali
  • Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Tigray

Background Stats

  • 102 MILLION
    Number of people living in Ethiopia (World Bank, 2016)
  • 10.3 PERCENT
    Annual GDP growth. (IMF World Economic Database, 2017). Agriculture accounts for 34.12% of added value. 
  • 80 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Ethiopia (World Bank, 2016 estimate)
  • 35 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in Feed the Future target regions in 2015

Value Chains

  • Chickpeas
  • Coffee
  • Dairy
  • Honey
  • Livestock
  • Maize/Corn
  • Poultry
  • Sweet Potato
  • Wheat
  • Horticulture
  • Sorghum
  • Soybean
Ehite Yilma, an employee of an Ethiopian poultry farm, admires improved production as a result of recent veterinary inputs and advice from staff at the new Bishoftu Farm Service Center.

Approach

Despite Ethiopia’s expanding economy and potential for agricultural-led growth,  challenges persist, including plot sizes too small to maximize economies of scale, low crop yields, lack of access to credit and land tenure constraints, limited use of improved seeds and fertilizers, and weak connections between farms and markets. In Ethiopia, only six percent of cultivated land is currently under irrigation, which is exacerbated by recurrent drought conditions.

Undernutrition hampers both human and economic development. Though in decline, child undernutrition rates in Ethiopia are among the highest in the world and undernutrition contributes to more than 50 percent of infant and child deaths.

Despite these challenges, agriculture-led economic growth, accompanied by improvements in people’s livelihoods and nutrition, can provide a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity by building their ability to withstand recurring shocks. To achieve this, Feed the Future is helping vulnerable households in Ethiopia increase their agricultural productivity and resilience, participate in economic activities and alternative livelihoods, and contribute to thriving and competitive markets.

Activities

Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Ethiopia.

  • African Alliance for Improved Food Processing (AAIFP)
  • Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING) – Ethiopian Highlands
  • African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD)
  • Agricultural Growth Project – Livestock Market Development (LMD)
  • Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy (AKLDP)
  • Asian Vegetable Research Development Center
  • Better Than Cash Alliance
  • Borlaug Higher Education Agricultural Research and Development Program
  • Building the Potential of Youth
  • Development Credit Authority (DCA)
  • Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) – Triple Bottom Line: Flowius, Radically affordable piped water for rural homes and farms
  • Drought Tolerant Maize Seed Scaling (DTMASS)
  • Environmental Entrepreneurship Program
  • Ethiopia Hack! Hackathon Event Series
  • Ethiopia Performance Management & Evaluation Service (EPMES)
  • Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP)
  • Feed Enhancement for Ethiopia Development (FEED III)
  • Feed the Future Developing Local Extension Capacity (DLEC)
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia – Advanced Maize Seed Adoption Program (AMSAP)
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia Value Chain Activity
  • Feed the Future Impact Evaluation
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Climate-Resilient Chickpea
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Climate-Resilient Sorghum
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Safety
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Peanut Research
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Sorghum and Millet
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Small-Scale Irrigation
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Soybean Value Chain Research
  • Feed the Future Innovation Lab for the Reduction of Post-Harvest Loss
  • Feed the Future Soil Fertility Technology Adoption, Policy Reform, and Knowledge Management Activity
  • Feed the Future Systems Change Initiative
  • Food for Peace Development Food Assistance Programs
  • Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
  • Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
  • Growth Through Nutrition
  • Improving knowledge management of the Ethiopian Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE) at national and subnational levels
  • Innovations to Improve the Quality and Uptake of Agricultural Index Insurance in East Africa
  • International Fertilizer Development Center
  • The John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program
  • Land Administration to Nurture Development (LAND)
  • Land Potential Knowledge System (Land PKS)
  • Linking Agriculture with Nutrition in Telalak
  • Livelihoods for Resilience
  • Modernizing Extension and Advisory Services
  • Norman E. Borlaug Leadership Enhancement in Agriculture Program (Borlaug LEAP)
  • Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER)
  • Partnership for Inclusive Agricultural Transformation in Africa (PIATA)
  • Pastoralist Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME)
  • The Peace Centers for Climate & Social Resilience (PCCSR)
  • Peace Corps Global Food Security
  • Private Sector Enabling Environment Program
  • Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) Partnership
  • Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS)
  • Seed multiplication and delivery of high-yielding rust resistant bread and durum wheat varieties to Ethiopian farmers
  • Smallholder Horticulture Project (SHH)
  • Small-Scale Irrigation Project
  • Strengthening Agriculture and Resilience through Regional Integration (SARRI)
  • Strengthening Institutions for Peace and Development II (SIPED II)
  • Strengthening the Water Sector Working Group Secretariat
  • Stress Tolerant Maize for Africa (STMA)
  • Studying Animal Food Markets in Rural Ethiopia (SAFIRE)
  • U.S. Borlaug Global Food Security Fellows Program
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture Food for Progress and McGovern-Dole Food for Education Programs
  • U.S. Forest Service
  • U.S. Geological Survey: Groundwater Exploration and Assessment Project
  • University Linkages Program
  • Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA)
  • Water for Africa Through Leadership and Institutional Support (WALIS) Program
  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS)

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