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Minda Ayalew, a smallholder farmer and customer of the Bishoftu Farm Service Center in Ethiopia, shows off tomatoes he grew as a result of improved access to essential agricultural inputs and expert consultation services.

Ethiopia

With a population of more than 112 million people, Ethiopia is one of the fastest-growing populations and economies in Africa. Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture. Agriculture-led economic growth, accompanied by improvements in people’s livelihoods and nutrition, can provide a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity and help communities build their resilience to recurring shocks.

  • 392 THOUSAND
    Producers using new technologies and practices with Feed the Future’s help in FY18  
  • 2.8 MILLION
    Children under 5 reached with nutrition help in FY18
  • 198 THOUSAND
    Hectares tended with improved technologies or management practices in FY18
  • $2.2 MILLION
    New private investment leveraged by Feed the Future in FY18

Impact

  • 12 PERCENT
    Reduction in prevalence of poverty in the areas where Feed the Future has worked from 2013 to 2015

Key Achievements

In Ethiopia, Feed the Future aims to improve long-term food security by connecting families to economic opportunities, financial services, and agricultural and nutrition services. With Feed the Future’s help in 2018, more than 39,000 households graduated from the Ethiopian Government’s safety net program and increased their incomes by an average of $350 over the course of a year.

Feed the Future also worked closely with the Government of Ethiopia and local actors to improve the productivity of dairy animals and increase the supply of safe and quality milk to processors. The project collaborated with Feed the Future resilience efforts to connect nearly 60,000 vulnerable households to livestock markets.

More than 100,000 maize farmers are now using hybrid maize varieties, promoted by a Feed the Future partnership with Corteva, doubling their yields compared to the traditional varieties they were using previously. Supported by Feed the Future and private sector partners, Ethiopia introduced the first locally-fortified wheat flour in the country.

The Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture has accepted significant amendments proposed by Feed the Future’s Land Administration to Nurture Development (LAND) activity. The amendments will be forwarded to the Council of Ministers and House of Representatives for adoption. In 2018, LAND provided agricultural or food security training to over 19,000 people.

Source

The results shown reflect data from the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Peace Corps, and the Department of Treasury (through the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program) reported into Feed the Future’s central monitoring system for fiscal year 2018 (FY18). Impact data for poverty statistics are derived from the 2015 Feed the Future Ethiopia Interim Population-Based Survey Report. For more information on the indicators above, please view our Feed the Future Indicator Handbook. All dollar amounts are listed in U.S. dollars.

Strategy

  • Improve productivity and commercialization
  • Build resilience to and protection from shocks and disasters with increased livelihood opportunities
  • Improve the nutrition of women and children
  • Strengthen the enabling environment to support increased investment and broad-based agricultural growth

Zones of Influence in Ethiopia

Map of Ethiopia
  • Amhara
  • Oromia
  • Somali
  • Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's Tigray

Background Stats

  • 112 MILLION
    Number of people living in Ethiopia (World Bank, 2018)
  • 7.4 PERCENT
    Annual GDP growth. (IMF World Economic Database, 2019)
  • 79 PERCENT
    Percentage of population living in rural Ethiopia (World Bank, 2018 estimate)
  • 35 PERCENT
    Percentage of people living in poverty in Feed the Future target regions in 2015

Value Chains

  • Chickpeas
  • Coffee
  • Dairy
  • Livestock
  • Maize/Corn
  • Poultry
Ehite Yilma, an employee of an Ethiopian poultry farm, admires improved production as a result of recent veterinary inputs and advice from staff at the new Bishoftu Farm Service Center.

Approach

Despite Ethiopia’s expanding economy and potential for agricultural-led growth, challenges persist. Challenges include plots of land that are too small, low crop yields, lack of access to credit, land tenure constraints, limited use of improved seeds and fertilizers, and weak connections between farms and markets. In Ethiopia, only 6 percent of cultivated land is currently under irrigation, which is exacerbated by recurrent drought conditions.

Agriculture-led economic growth, accompanied by improvements in people’s livelihoods and nutrition, can provide a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity by building their ability to withstand recurring shocks. To achieve this, Feed the Future is helping vulnerable households in Ethiopia increase their agricultural productivity and resilience, participate in economic activities in and out of agriculture, and contribute to thriving and competitive markets.

Building resilience to recurring shocks is a cornerstone of Feed the Future’s approach in Ethiopia. Evidence from Feed the Future programs in the Ethiopian lowlands shows that most households reached were able to maintain their food security during moderate droughts in 2015. In 2016, households in communities reached by Feed the Future resilience programs were better able to maintain their food security in the face of the severe drought, whereas households in other communities experienced a 30 percent decline.

Undernutrition hampers both human and economic development. Though in decline, child undernutrition rates in Ethiopia are among the highest in the world and undernutrition contributes to more than 50 percent of infant and child deaths. Feed the Future helped create jobs for rural families and reduced hunger and malnutrition by strengthening the meat and dairy sectors, which increased consumer access to nutritious foods.

Activities

Feed the Future supports the following programs, partnerships and organizations in Ethiopia.

  • African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF)
  • Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING) – Ethiopian Highlands
  • African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD)
  • Agricultural Growth Project – Livestock Market Development (LMD)
  • Agriculture Knowledge, Learning, Documentation and Policy (AKLDP)
  • Better Than Cash Alliance
  • Borlaug Higher Education Agricultural Research and Development Program
  • Building the Potential of Youth
  • Development Credit Authority (DCA)
  • Developing Local Extension Capacity (DLEC)
  • Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) – Triple Bottom Line: Flowius, Radically affordable piped water for rural homes and farms
  • Drought Tolerant Maize Seed Scaling (DTMASS)
  • Environmental Entrepreneurship Program (2018)
  • Ethiopia Hack! Hackathon Event Series
  • Ethiopia Performance Management and Evaluation Service (EPMES)
  • Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP)
  • Feed Enhancement for Ethiopia Development (FEED III)
  • Feed the Future Developing Local Extension Capacity (DLEC)
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia – Advanced Maize Seed Adoption Program (AMSAP)
  • Feed the Future Ethiopia Value Chain Activity
  • Feed the Future Impact Evaluation
  • Feed the Future Soil Fertility Technology Adoption, Policy Reform, and Knowledge Management Activity
  • Feed the Future Systems Change Initiative Grants
  • Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
  • Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)
  • Growth Through Nutrition
  • Innovations to Improve the Quality and Uptake of Agricultural Index Insurance in East Africa
  • International Fertilizer Development Center
  • Land Administration to Nurture Development (LAND) (2018)
  • Livelihoods for Resilience
  • Partnership for Inclusive Agricultural Transformation in Africa (PIATA)
  • Pastoralist Resilience Improvement and Market Expansion (PRIME)
  • Peace Corps
  • Stress Tolerant Maize for Africa (STMA)
  • Studying Animal Food Markets in Rural Ethiopia (SAFIRE)
  • The John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer Program
  • USAID Food for Peace Development Food Assistance Programs
  • U.S. Geological Survey: Groundwater Exploration and Assessment Project
  • Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA)
  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS)
  • World Vegetable Center

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